Astrology - What is astrology?
The term Astrology comes from the latin word astrologia, which can be understood as astro + logia. Astro comes from the Greek word astron which means stars and word logia means study .
So Astrology can be understood as study of stars, planets, Sun and Moon. Study of stars is of two types, one is astrology and other is astronomy. Astronomy is the scientific study of stars and other terrestial objects while Astrology is a Divine Science. Astrology is an art of predicting
past, present and future events in human life as well as world events. Astrology is study of the movement of celestial bodies (stars and planets including Sun and Moon) in the sky whose relative positions to each other are used to predict events.
It is believed that the position of planets, stars, Sun and Moon at the time of birth of a child have deep impact on the personality, status, health and financial worth through out life. Though it is believed that the Planets at the time of birth of a person are considered stationary and
they helps in shaping his destiny but it has been observed that transiting (moving) planets also put great impact on life of a person and world events.
Astrology is an ancient science whose exact time and place of origin is not known but available ancient astrological texts hints at its origin in Mesopotamia (now area of Iraq, Syria, Kuwait and Turkey) near about 1800 to 1700 BCE (near about 3700 to 3800 years ago) from where it spreads to the Arab Countries and Central and Western Europe.
Now these days astrology is very popular and used through out the world in estimitating past, present and future events.
Systems of Astrology
Popular systems of Astrology are Western Astrology, Indian, Chinese and Mayan. Among these Western and Indian Systems of Predictions are most popular systems. Both Astrology systems use same components in making predictions with little difference.
- Western Astrology is very popular in Europe Countries. Historically Western Astrology is based on four texts written by Roman Scholar Claudius Ptolemy. These texts are known as Tetrabiblos which are based on philosophy and astrology. It is a combination of Hellenistic and Babylonian Astrology. Western Astrology is mostly based on Horoscopic system which makes use of a birth chart for the exact moment of individual birth at a particular place.
- Indian Astrology is also known as Jyotisha, Hindu Astrology and Vedic Astrology. Vedic Astrology is based on Vedanga Jyotishya an astronomical text found within Vedas. Vedanga Jyotishya is written by Lagadha around 700 to 600 BCE which is based on the teachings of Sage Prashara whose son Sage Krishna Dvaipayana compiled Vedas and Puranas. There are some other popular systems also in Indian Culture named as Jaimini Sutras, KP (Krishanamurthy Paddhiti), Lal Kitab and Nadi Astrology but most popular is Prashara Astrology which is popular as Vedic Astrology. Vedic Astrology makes use of many tools like Birth Charts, Panchang, Divisional Charts, Ashtakavarga, Dasa System etc to increase its accuracy.
- Chinese Astrology is popular in China and East Asia and is based on traditional Chinese lunisolar calendar, principles of Yin and Yang, Chinese philosophy of (heaven, earth and water) and Chinese Zodiac System which is based on twelve year cycle in which each year is related to an animal sign. Chinese Astrology came to fame during Han Dyanasty (2nd century BCE to 2nd century AD). 12 Chinese Zodiac Signs are different from that of Western Astrology. These are named on animals in an order Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Sheep, Monkey, Rooster, Dog and Pig.
- Mayan Astrology is based on Mayan Calendar which is known as Tzolk`in. This Tzolk`in Calendar is the refined version of Mesoamerican Calendar. Mayans used two types of calendars of 360 days and 260 days. 260 days calendar is known as Tzolk`in which was used by Mayans for Rituals and Divine purposes. 360 days calendar was meant for plantation and harvesting of crops. Tzolk`in calendar was based on 13 cycles (Trecena) of 20 distinct named days. A total of 13*20 equals to 260 days. All the 20 days were distinctly named and had different meanings, significance and purpose. A birth chart of a new born baby boy was cast by Mayan Priest on 5th day after birth to find his destiny.
Branches of Astrology
Popular Branches of Astrology used in almost every systems are Natal, Horary, Electional and Financial Astrology.
- Natal Astrology is the branch of Astrology which deals with predicting destiny and life path of an individual (native). This is based on the belief that life destiny and life path of an individual can be found by constructing birth chart for the exact time, date and location of birth of the individual. It is believed by the Astrologers that planetary positions at the time of birth of a native can define personality and destiny of the native.
- Horary Astrology is the method of judging the question in the mind of the querent before the querent asks his question. An astrologer tries to attempt estimating the question to be asked by the querent by contructing the chart for the time of that exact moment when the querent meets the astrologer with a query in mind. In Horary Astrology only one query is taken in consideration and answer to that query is simple Yes or No. It has limited scope but is very useful where the querent does not know his correct time or date of birth.
- Electional Astrology is a branch of Astrology which deals with deciding the most auspicious time for an event based on astrological calculations of moving celestial objects. It is also known as Event Astrology and it is practiced in almost every systems.
- Financial Astrology is also known as business astrology. It is a practice to relate astrological impacts of moving celestial objects with rise or fall in financial markets or stock markets. Its accuracy is under doubt and has been criticised many times due to its inconsistency and failures in making true predictions regarding financial events.